Cytoxan is a prescription medication approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating cancers including acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML). Cytoxan is often combined with other drugs such as Oncovin, Rituxan, and corticosteroids in chemotherapy regimens. Cytoxan is also known by its drug name, cyclophosphamide.
Cytoxan is an anticancer drug used in chemotherapy. Cytoxan is a member of a class of drugs called alkylating agents. Cytoxan is believed to work by preventing the production of DNA in cells, thereby blocking cell division.
Limitations of Cytoxan use include its safety and effectiveness for nephrotic syndrome treatment in adults and other renal diseases.
How do I take it?
Cytoxan can be administered as an intravenous infusion, taken orally, or injected into muscles.
Common side effects of Cytoxan include nausea, vomiting, temporary hair loss, darkening of the skin and nails, loss of appetite, fatigue, increased risk for infection, and anemia.
Serious side effects of Cytoxan include the risk of permanent infertility in both men and women and increased risk for some types of cancer, even years after treatment has stopped. Rarely, Cytoxan may cause serious heart problems.
For more details about this treatment, visit:
Cytoxan — Chemocare
Chemotherapy for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia — American Cancer Society
Typical Treatment of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia — American Cancer Society
Hyper-CVAD — National Cancer Institute
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